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Home » Rotations » Inpatient Obstetrics

Inpatient Obstetrics

Overview

The maternity care curriculum of the Memorial Hospital Family Medicine Residency consists of inpatient labor and delivery experiences in all three years of training and longitudinal continuity experiences. Instruction, supervision and evaluation are provided by Family Medicine Residency faculty, Obstetrics Proctors, Memorial Hospital perinatologists and Family Medicine and Obstetrics Medical staff.

Goals

The Maternity Care Curriculum experience shall:

  • Meet the diverse training needs of our residents who may choose to practice a spectrum of maternity care and will enter a variety of practice settings
  • Provide a structured educational experience in maternity care
  • Provide a system to ensure that residents are adequately trained to perform obstetrical procedures
  • Provide a positive training experience that encourages incorporation of obstetrical services in graduates’ future practices

Objectives

While caring for maternity patients, the resident:

PGY-1

  • Is able to obtain essential information and perform a physical exam on patients presenting to the triage area with routine complaints and low-risk patients admitted to the childbirth unit. (PC)
  • Is able to participate in developing and carrying out patient management plans on low-risk patients. (PC)
  • Demonstrates a structured approach to the interpretation of fetal monitoring tracings. (PC)
  • Is able to present accurate patient information to patients, their families, nurses and medical staff and obtain assistance when needed. (ICS)
  • Is able to perform an initial OB intake on continuity OB patients and present to the faculty in clinic. (PC)

PGY-2

  • Is able to obtain essential information and perform a physical exam on high risk patients presenting to the triage area and admitted to the childbirth unit. (PC)
  • Is able to outline a management plan, present it to a supervising physician and carry it out with minimal supervision. (PC)
  • Will demonstrate proficiency in suturing as demonstrated in repair of simple perineal lacerations requiring minimal supervision. (PC)
  • Demonstrates proficiency in fetal scalp electrode placement and amniotomy per the Procedures curriculum. (PC)
  • Is able to accurately document OB continuity patient care in the residency EMR. (PC)

PGY-3

  • Is able to recognize and initially manage medical complications of pregnancy. (PC)
  • Is able to demonstrate proficiency in vaginal deliveries at the level of an independent practitioner with consultation as appropriate. (PC)
  • Is able to demonstrate repair of more complex lacerations. (PC)
  • Analyzes current medical literature related to patient care and is able to convey this information to peers, nursing staff and medical staff members. (PBLI)
  • Is able to present high-risk patients at high risk OB conference and demonstrate a clear initial plan of care. (PC)

There are no procedural requirements that must be completed specifically during the Maternity Care rotation. However, there is a Procedures Curriculum, and residents gain experience meeting these requirements during this rotation. Procedures typically performed on this rotation include:

  • Vaginal Delivery
  • Cesarean Section Assist
  • Continuity care of the OB patient
  • Interpretation of Fetal Heart Rate Monitoring
  • Fetal Scalp Electrode Placement
  • Amniotomy/AROM
  • ALSO (Advanced Life Support Obstetrics)

Implementation

Educational Methods

ALSO Course – Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics – all PGY I residents

  • Didactic sessions, interactive sessions and hands-on training sessions. Certification based on passing written examination and oral case mega delivery with demonstration of skills in fetal distress, operative delivery (vacuum and/or forceps), shoulder dystocia and post-partum hemorrhage.

Interactive Didactic Sessions – Maternity Care rotation

  • Facilitated by Family Medicine Residency faculty and Obstetrics proctors
  • 8-9 lectures per block while on core obstetrics rotations (see list of topics)

Perinatal Multidisciplinary Rounds-Maternity Care rotation

  • Weekly while on core obstetrics rotations – 8-9am in the Special Care Unit

Patient Care-Maternity Care Rotation

  • Intrapartum management
  • Delivery, both vaginal and c-section assist
  • Minimum of 50 vaginal deliveries required for graduation
  • Episiotomy and laceration repair
  • Complications of above

Patient Care-Continuity Patients

  • Minimum of 10 continuity patients followed through antenatal, natal and postnatal care required for graduation

OB Case Conferences

  • Evidence-based case presentations
  • Each PGY-1 and PGY-2 prepares a case for conference presentation each year. Each PGY-3 has the option of presenting a case, but it is not required. Other didactics include High-Risk OB Case Conference and other longitudinal OB conferences.
  • Each resident will prepare and present their high risk OB cases for discussion amongst colleagues, faculty, and proctors.

Self-directed learning – longitudinal utilizing resources listed in this document, Family Medicine faculty, Obstetrics proctors, perinatologists, OB fellow and OB rotation, and continuity patient care experiences. Ongoing Review of Patient Care Documentation by Family Medicine faculty and OB proctors

  • Feedback and discussions as needed of above

Formally reviewed at Periodic Evaluations

Other Experiential

  • Participation in an OB intake with our OB nurse during the initial PGY1 OB rotation block
  • Patient care on the mother-baby unit with the lactation consultants at Memorial Hospital

Longitudinal OB experience

  • Each resident will be assigned continuity OB patients at the commencement of their initial OB rotation
  • Each resident will coordinate the care of their patients, document the care, consult faculty and proctors as needed, identify high risk patients, present appropriate patients at high risk conference, care for their patients in the hospital on the antepartum unit if necessary, be present for their labor and delivery, and provide postpartum care. Residents will assure continuity in their absence with one of their colleagues or the OB fellow. A minimum of 10 continuity patients will be cared for during the 3 years of residency.

Resources

Memorial Family Medicine OB Handbook
Assigned articles for OB teaching sessions
ALSO Course Manual
C-section Challenger Module
Pfenninger and Fowler’s Procedures for Primary Care Textbook
Up to Date as available through the Memorial Hospital Library website
Memorial Library

Methods of Evaluation

Performance-based evaluation methods include:

  • Rotation evaluations will be filled out by an OB proctor that compiles feedback from multiple proctors following each rotational block. Residents will specifically be evaluated on the following ACGME Milestones:

PC-1: Cares for acutely ill or injured patients in urgent/emergent situations and in all settings.

MK-1: Demonstrates medical knowledge of sufficient breadth and depth to practice family medicine.

MK-2: Applies critical thinking skills in patient care.

PROF-1: Completes a process of professionalization.

PROF-2: Demonstrates professional conduct and accountability.

PROF-3: Demonstrates humanism and cultural proficiency.

SBP-1: Provides cost-conscious medical care.

SBP-4: Coordinates team-based care.

C-2: Communicates effectively with patients, families, and the public.

C-3: Develops relationships and effectively communicates with physicians, other health professionals, and health care teams.

C-4: Utilizes technology to optimize communication.

  • Procedure log and evaluations
  • Case presentation evaluations
  • Team Leader and OB proctor ongoing chart review
  • Performance on Family Medicine In-training examination

List of OB Lecture Topics

Obstetrics Residents attend 8-9 lectures during each OB rotation. The schedule is designed so that each resident has the opportunity to hear each lecture topic at least once during a 3-year span.

  •  Vaginal Delivery Techniques and Suturing*
  • Induction of Labor
  • Circumcision*
  • OB Ultrasound
  • Interpretation of Fetal Heart Rate Monitoring*
  • Preterm Labor and PPROM
  • Fetal Scalp Electrode/IUPC Placement*
  • Amniotomy/AROM*
  • Postpartum Care
  • Common Complaints of Pregnancy
  • Prenatal Genetic Testing
  • Multiple Gestation
  • Diabetes Complicating Pregnancy
  • ALSO Review (shoulder dystocia, assisted vaginal delivery, postpartum hemorrhage)
  • Spectrum of Hypertensive Disorders
  • Group B Strep in Pregnancy
  • Exercise in Pregnancy
  • Urinary Tract Infections in Pregnancy
  • Perineal Lacerations
  • Bleeding in Pregnancy
  • Nutrition in Pregnancy
  • Decreased Fetal Movement
  • Antepartum Fetal Monitoring
  • Fetal Growth Restriction

* Indicates lecture covers a required procedure